There is a long history of Soviet and Russian specialists participating in and supporting the systemic geological study of a number of countries on the African continent. Their work on natural resource bases has done a great deal to aid mineral extraction. These countries now have the opportunity to leverage modern means of geological research and exploration, and in doing so, continue the comprehensive study of subsoil resources. This could lead to new and globally unique sites being developed, both on land and the continental shelf. What are the main changes that have occurred in key international mineral deposits markets and what further changes are expected? What modern methods can Russia offer African countries in terms of exploration, prospecting, extraction, processing, and obtaining minerals from mining waste products and water supplies?