National healthcare systems are simply unable to cope economically with the burden of disease in Africa. Particular attention is given to infectious diseases; however, there is a growing need to fight against cardiovascular disease, cancer, and diabetes. Whats more, the high cost of medicines and services, together with a shortage of vital modern equipment, is hindering access to medical care in African countries. The lack of medical personnel is a particularly pressing problem. Cutting-edge technologies, such as mobile phones, blockchain, 3D printing, UAVs, and others clearly need to be applied as drivers of growth in this area. If used correctly, they could significantly improve the quality of medical services while cutting costs. The high number of people in Africa suffering from chronic diseases and requiring remotely administered care and treatment will spur the development of telemedicine. How will cooperation with Russia affect the development of healthcare in Africa? What areas of healthcare are in particular need of public and private investment? What innovative developments aiming to solve pressing issues affecting healthcare in African countries are currently in greatest demand? Could modern technology be a solution to the shortage of doctors? What could help significantly strengthen and improve national healthcare systems?