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A Safe Africa
24 October 2019
Ensuring safety is a key condition for Africa’s development

The challenge is to avoid difficult situations involving both hostage-taking and various types of crime. All of this has an impact on the sustainable development of the African continent — Alexey Ivanov, Head of External Economic Activity and Military-Technical Cooperation Direction, Russian Technologies State Corporation.

There will be no development without security. Without peace and stability, it is difficult to achieve economic development goals — Smail Chergui, Commissioner for Peace and Security, African Union Commission (AUC).

Russia supports the efforts of African countries to combat terrorism and crime

Russia has supported and will continue to support Africa's efforts to eliminate crises and reduce terrorism and crime — Andrey Kryukov, Deputy Head, Analytics and Forward Planning Department, Rosoboronexport.

Russia's aid to peacekeeping is very important at both the government and local levels — Samba Mony, Vice Governor of Tanganyika Province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

High levels of terrorism and crime on the continent

Half of the world's top 20 countries most vulnerable to terrorist attacks are African countries. The most significant threats: fusion of terrorism and organized crime; possible control of Africa's strategic resources – such as uranium, gold, diamonds, and oil – by criminal and terrorist groups; obstruction of peacekeeping missions in Africa; high mobility of criminal groups, driven by borders transparency; and uncontrolled movement and proliferation of weapons and agents in the region that must be government controlled, i.e. drones, cyber weapons, and man-portable air defence systems — Andrey Kryukov, Deputy Head, Analytics and Forward Planning Department, Rosoboronexport.

Border security of African countries is driven by poor infrastructure, lack of connectivity, long and porous borders, lack transport units and poor training — Igor Polyansky, Head of the Development Group, Stilsoft Group.

New threats

New phenomena have created new opportunities for criminal groups. The first threat is cybercrime. Along with regular processes, there is a cyber invasion. The second area is Internet intelligence. Social networks are used to coordinate criminal activities. There are new threats from robotic systems. They can be terrestrial, underwater, surface and aerial. One of the most common and dangerous groups is small and ultra-small aerial robotic systems – this is what we call drones. The tactics of drones has also changed towards swarming — Andrey Novikov, Deputy General Director for Science and Production, Concern Avtomatika.

Recently, the threat posed by unmanned aerial vehicles has become significant — Alexey Ivanov, Head of External Economic Activity and Military-Technical Cooperation Direction, Russian Technologies State Corporation.

Building a comprehensive security system

Reducing the threat level is possible through creating a security architecture. Technical measures can have an immediate effect. The security architecture can consist of three main components. It is about ensuring security in cities and megacities and taking major highways under control. Blocking borders to prevent illegal movement of criminal groups. Creating a barrier for smuggling weapons, explosives and drugs — Andrey Kryukov, Deputy Head, Analytics and Forward Planning Department, Rosoboronexport.

We need to take into account a large number of factors, including the environmental crisis, demography, and problems that exist in the social environment. Safety is not only a technological solution for problems. If you want to work effectively, you need to act very quickly. It is also the ability to adapt to constantly changing conditions. It is changing tactics constantly and developing the effective strategy on the spot — Didier Le Bret, Senior Partner, ESL & Network Holding SA.

Applying cutting-edge equipment and technology

(We offer) three types of inspection and security screening complexes. The stationary complex provides scanning of all kinds of motor transport; the railway complex allows to scan trains on the speed of up to 70 km/hour; a the main benefit of the mobile complex is that it can be relocated to any place, using public general roads — Anton Kondrashev, Head, Foreign Economic Relations Department, Scantronic Systems.

We are talking about technologies that allow drones to scan the earth's surface. (They) can be used for specific military purposes and for making specific decisions — Pavel Kalyakin, Executive Director, LANIT Integration.

We cannot run things without modern digital solutions. We have not missed a single area of urban management and have automated or digitized them all. This has played a big role in terms of security — Oleg Shutenko, Deputy Head of Department External Economic and International Relations, Moscow City Government.

Joining forces to fight crime at the international level

Cooperation on security at the international level allows us to combat. It also helps us identify opportunities to stop the spread of crime and prevent carrying firearms across borders — H.E. Alain Guillaume Bunyoni, Minister of Public Security and Disaster Management of the Republic of Burundi.

The fight against terrorism is a shared responsibility that requires coordination not only at the regional but also at the international level. Without joint efforts, it is impossible to achieve real results — Basma Soudani, Director of Political Affairs, Information and Cabinet, Arab Maghreb Union.

It is very important to ensure global security. There are international mechanisms, collective initiatives to develop solutions for a number of security issues, and a common system of joint efforts based on the development of cooperation in this field — Norman Wokoma, Minister Plenipotentiary for Political Affairs, Embassy of the Federal Republic of Nigeria in the Russian Federation.

The material was prepared by the Russian news agency TASS