The business programme of the St. Petersburg International Economic Forum, which is to be held in St. Petersburg on 6–8 June 2019, will include a panel discussion on modern approaches to managing the World Ocean and the contribution of shipbuilders to its conservation and study.
“Collaboration to protect the World Ocean is necessary to ensure social, economic, and environmental balance throughout the world, and so innovative solutions must be discussed for the main challenges facing the planet”, Advisor to the President of the Russian Federation Anton Kobyakov said. “Multiple factors related to the ocean exert a major impact on a wide range of critical issues, such as climate change, improving people's living standards, and improving the geopolitical situation. The venues of international forums will improve coordination and partnership aimed at strengthening ocean-related research capabilities and the exchange of state-of-the-art technologies”.
The driving force behind the event is the United Shipbuilding Corporation (USC). The international programme for the Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development (2021–2030) is currently in preparation. The programme is being developed with the support of the UN and UNESCO. “World Oceans Day is celebrated on 8 June. This year it coincides with SPIEF 2019, and we believe that the Forum, as one of the world's leading platforms for professional discussion of global development issues, cannot be ignored,” USC President Alexei Rakhmanov said. “In light of this, we suggest holding a panel discussion at which industry professionals, scientists, and researchers will be able to discuss and adopt strategic resolutions”.
According to UNESCO experts, the satisfaction of the needs of nearly 3 billion people around the world depends on marine and coastal biodiversity. The ocean absorbs approximately a third of the carbon dioxide produced by man, mitigating the negative effects of climate change. However, science has yet to successfully and comprehensively assess the cumulative impact of human activity on the ocean, including the effects of environmental pollution, which threaten this natural environment.
The World Ocean will be actively discussed as a part of the “Arctic: Territory of Dialogue” International Arctic Forum, which is to be held on 9–10 April 2019 in St. Petersburg. The following issues will be discussed at the behest of the USC: developing high latitude cruise tourism, expanding the construction of a modern high-tech fleet for the development of the Northern Sea Route, and creating infrastructure in the North, in particular, the construction of an FNHPP (Floating Nuclear Heat and Power Plant). Careful consideration will also be given to the development and production of marine technology for the assimilation and study of the World Ocean Arctic Zone.
“In order to achieve a qualitative breakthrough in the study of the Arctic and the Arctic Ocean, it is vitally important that international cooperation reach a new level of standards”, Special Representative of the Russian President on International Cooperation in the Arctic and Antarctica and Deputy Chairman of the Organizing Committee of the 2019 International Arctic Forum Artur Chilingarov emphasized. We must establish international communities of leading scientists who collect and analyze data in the natural environment and carry out the most serious scientific work”.