New energy projects are focusing on the development of remote areas of Russia
«The first level of the innovation and technological test site project will commence with the establishment of a self-contained energy complex on the Yamal Peninsula. The aim is to effectively distribute energy and minimize losses between surplus sources of generation and potential consumers,» team from St. Petersburg Mining University.
«We want to develop the Far East this is the first rationale behind the Hydrogen Nakhodka project. The second rationale is that a few years ago, Nakhodka suffered from an oil spill, so it is a fairly polluted environment,» team from Lomonosov Northern (Arctic) Federal University.
«Our smart greenhouse project will help increase productivity and yield in remote regions of the Russian Federation. Automatic monitoring and regulating will help reduce production-related risks and provide the end consumer with agricultural products all year round. The project will bring with it major benefits to society, as not all regions of the Russian Federation have a developed agricultural sector. As a result, prices for agricultural products in these regions are higher. These greenhouses will help significantly reduce prices for agricultural products in these regions,» team from the Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Automation at LETI St. Petersburg Electrotechnical University.
Projects in the fuel and energy sector are inextricably linked to the countrys environmental recovery
«Environmental thinking must be viewed as an essential skill for everyone, regardless of what they do. There are plans for every school lab to receive 500,000 seedlings to grow. Companies will also get seedlings to grow as part of their green programmes. In 2021, we plan to plant 8 million seedlings in areas where our companies operate. This will offset more than 2.5 million tonnes of carbon dioxide emissions,» team from the Department for the Protection of Ecology and the Environment, Tatneft.
«We can talk about each stage of the project, about what the project can offer, and how we discussed it. Over the short term, there will be a real reduction in greenhouse gas emissions of 710% through installing sensors of all kinds. Over the long term, when we produce synthetic methane, there will be a reduction in carbon dioxide emissions of 5560%. That is because carbon dioxide will be a direct raw material for the end product. We will use it to produce synthetic gas,» team from St. Petersburg Mining University.
Russia has a lack of personnel for future specialist roles in the fuel and energy sector, particularly in remote locations
«The technological project includes a programme to bring specialists to the Yamal Peninsula and keep them there. This programme will help address the personnel deficit, and also help create good living conditions,» team from St. Petersburg Mining University.
«A number of new professions in the fuel and energy sector are forecast to appear in the 2020s2030s. These will include quantum technology specialists, deep-sea geologists, ecological analysts, digital energy facility control system specialists, weather power engineers for wind and solar farms, and energy storage unit designers. The biggest demand for highly qualified specialists with bachelors and masters degrees can be found in the field of electric and thermal power facility development. Upon fulfilling the Russian Federations 2035 energy strategy, at least 520,000 specialists will be working in some renewable and alternative energy sectors alone. And according to the breakthrough scenario, this figure will exceed 760,000. However, the current state of affairs could be deemed unsatisfactory,» team from the Human Resources in the Fuel and Energy Sector project.
«The main thing is offering school pupils the chance to receive training form workers who are already based in the region. A quick survey of several remote energy authorities revealed that more than half of all specialists are willing in principle to offer some of their free time to help school pupils learn the skills needed to follow in their footsteps. And around 25% of them will require higher education,» team from Rosseti.
The potential for entering the markets of the Asia-Pacific region needs to be considered when working on projects in the fuel and energy sector
«The concept for the energy complex sets out plans for investment in renewable energy sources. However, as the generation capacity of renewables is inconsistent, energy storage systems will be essential. The solution put forward by the team will help reduce mankinds negative impact on the environment, and make an exportable product which is competitive on both the European and Asia‑Pacific markets,» team from St. Petersburg Mining University.
For more information, visit the Roscongress Foundations Information and Analytical System at roscongress.org/en.