A socially oriented non-financial development institution and a major organizer of nationwide and international conventions; exhibitions; and business, public, youth, sporting, and cultural events.

The Roscongress Foundation is a socially oriented non-financial development institution and a major organizer of nationwide and international conventions; exhibitions; and business, public, youth, sporting, and cultural events. It was established in pursuance of a decision by the President of the Russian Federation.

The Foundation was established in 2007 with the aim of facilitating the development of Russia’s economic potential, promoting its national interests, and strengthening the country’s image. One of the roles of the Foundation is to comprehensively evaluate, analyse, and cover issues on the Russian and global economic agendas. It also offers administrative services, provides promotional support for business projects and attracting investment, helps foster social entrepreneurship and charitable initiatives.

Each year, the Foundation’s events draw participants from 208 countries and territories, with more than 15,000 media representatives working on-site at Roscongress’ various venues. The Foundation benefits from analytical and professional expertise provided by 5,000 people working in Russia and abroad.

The Foundation works alongside various UN departments and other international organizations, and is building multi-format cooperation with 173 economic partners, including industrialists’ and entrepreneurs’ unions, financial, trade, and business associations from 78 countries worldwide, and 179 Russian public organizations, federal and legislative agencies, and federal subjects.

The Roscongress Foundation has Telegram channels in Russian t.me/Roscongress, English – t.me/RoscongressDirect, and Spanish t.me/RoscongressEsp. Official website and Information and Analytical System of the Roscongress Foundation: roscongress.org.

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The Development of Natural Gas Demand in the Russian Electricity and Heat Sectors

Natural gas supplies to Russia’s domestic market are about twice the size of supplies to its export markets. Most of the gas supplied to the domestic market is used for electricity and heat production, which account for about 50 per cent of domestic natural gas consumption — more than 200 bcm annually. Natural gas demand in this sector is highly influenced by the economic situation in the country, fuel pricing policy, and energy policy and regulation. While the economic situation shapes electricity demand (as most of this demand comes from industrial consumers), natural gas demand for electricity production is subject to inter-fuel competition between coal and natural gas, and inter-technology competition between nuclear and gas power plants. The latter is affected by capacity support mechanisms.

Heat demand in Russia is declining due to the implementation of the Law on Energy Efficiency, which obliged consumers to assess energy efficiency and install heat metering systems. The implementation of the Heat Reform, which came into force in July 2017, included heat tariffs which should incentivize consumers to use heat more efficiently. The reform also aims to increase heat production efficiency and gradually renovate obsolete heat supply systems.

Inter-fuel competition between natural gas and coal will remain at its current level, meaning a prevalence of natural gas in the western and central parts of Russia, and a dominance of coal in Southern Siberia. Although coal prices are low and unregulated, power and heat produced using coal becomes high-cost due to delivery costs from coal production areas, operational costs related to coal storage, and the capital costs of coal power plant technology.

Based on an overall analysis of the sectors, the Oxford Institute experts suggest that natural gas demand for the power and heat sectors is not likely to change considerably from its current level. In the most probable scenarios, power demand for gas should increase by 24 bcm, while the decrease in gas demand for heating purposes in the conservative scenario will be a little above 20 bcm. Therefore, the increase in gas demand from the electricity sector will be compensated by a decrease in demand from the heat sector.

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