The global challenges facing the Russian coal industry have altered its development trajectory, with the sector moving from an evolutionary strategy to a mobilization model. Coal exports have been a key driver of industry progress for many years, but international sanctions threaten the loss of major sales markets. Supply volumes are at further risk from countries significantly scaling back their purchases in recent months. Russian companies must also adapt to working in the face of unfriendly measures imposed by market players, which include a ban on the supply of foreign mining technologies, equipment and spare parts to Russia, the refusal of a number of shipping companies to provide bulk carriers for sea transportation of coal, and financial restrictions. The search for new sales markets and the development of coal logistics are of increased significance in these conditions. Current priorities include ensuring the reliable maritime delivery of coal to customers, reducing freight rates for bulk carriers, fixing bottlenecks in the countrys transport infrastructure, and developing and implementing extraordinary measures to reroute the export of coal and other export goods. How do coal companies view the state of coal logistics today? How will the current economic trends affect export and import volumes? In view of the compound impact of sanctions on coal supplies, should sales be prioritized at the expense of exports or vice versa? How are supply chains transforming? Will modernizing Russias railway infrastructure help? Who will use the Eastern railway branch and how can coal mining quotas be met? What other infrastructure projects need to be implemented in order to stabilize export deliveries? Is there a future for entirely new logistics routes such as the VolgaPersian Gulf route as the first stage in the construction of the NorthSouth corridor, the Northern Sea Route and others? Does reducing bottlenecks have a role to play in compensating for the lack of a bulk carrier fleet?