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The International Arctic Forum 2017
List of sessions
Здоровье населения – залог успешного освоения и экономического развития Арктики
9 April 2019 10:00
Public Health: The Key to the Successful Opening up and Economic Development of the Arctic
Addressing major challenges in the development of the Arctic zone and the implementation of investment projects to develop the oil and gas complex and the infrastructure of the Northern Sea Route are linked to the involvement of significant human capital, the creation and development of residential areas, and the wellbeing of the environment and safe working conditions. The extreme climatic conditions of the North, such as exposure to cold, hypoxia, chemical pollution of the environment, a lack of essential trace elements, and a high prevalence of parasitic and infectious diseases caused by the warming of the Arctic climate, dictate what kind of nutrition may be provided and which preventive measures carried out in order to help minimize health risks, both for those arriving in the Arctic and the indigenous population. How can the health of those working in open areas of the Arctic be maintained? What are the priority areas of research and development in Arctic medicine? How may the prevention of infectious diseases among temporary residents and the local population of the Arctic be improved? What are the priorities in terms of preventive measures to ensure the sanitary and epidemiological wellbeing of those living in the North?
Северный морской путь – ключ к развитию российской Арктики
9 April 2019 10:00
The Northern Sea Route – The Key to the Development of the Russian Arctic
The Northern Sea Route is the most direct transport corridor linking Asia and Europe. It is also a core Arctic economic project for Russia. Russian President Vladimir Putin has set a goal of increasing freight traffic from 20 million tonnes to 80 million tonnes in five years. Plans to develop the Northern Sea Route and support shipping envisage the creation of a port infrastructure and a fleet which includes icebreakers. These plans must be in sync with other plans to develop Arctic regions, centres of economic growth, and other forms of transport. What’s more, the Northern Sea Route is a major, multifunctional transport and logistics project, which means that modern management methods are needed. Issues regarding navigational and hydrographic support, and ensuring shipping safety along the Northern Sea Route are also of key consideration. Meteorological, hydrological and ice-related services are being developed and implemented, and inroads are being made in a number of other areas. These include promising radio communications setups for rescue operations, pilotless aircraft to conduct monitoring and ice patrol operations, and GIS. What are the prospects for expanding the logistics potential of the Northern Sea Route? How can the development of the Northern Sea Route’s infrastructure be synchronized with new investment projects? How can the Northern Sea Route be integrated with the region’s infrastructure network? How can safe and year-round navigation along the Northern Sea Route be ensured?
Освоение арктического шельфа: потенциал и риски
9 April 2019 10:00
Arctic Shelf Development: The Potential and the Risks
Hydrocarbon prospecting and production is an area of strategic importance for the commercial development of the Arctic, given the huge potential of the basins of the continental shelf. It is an also an area which comes with a high degree of economic risk, but is nevertheless crucial for replenishing the nation’s natural resource base and for the development of the Arctic. The development of offshore fields in the Arctic requires new technology and equipment, as well as geological prospecting work. All this translates to a significant investment of time and money. It therefore depends on close collaboration between extraction companies in Russia and international partners. The situation is complicated by the fact that various companies are in need of essentially unique technological solutions. What barriers are hindering the development of the shelf, and how feasible is it to remove them? What incentives could be put in place for the private sector to become more involved in geological prospecting work on the shelf?
Арктика – арена противостояния или сотрудничества?
9 April 2019 10:00
The Arctic: A Region of Rivalry or Cooperation?
In recent times, the Arctic has invariably been a core topic of discussion. A range of circumstances are behind this increasing focus on the Arctic, from the macroregion’s geopolitical and strategic role (as a space where the interests of nuclear superpowers intersect), to its economic potential (with regards resources and transport routes), to environmental challenges (global warming). In the coming decades, the Arctic could serve as a major repository of energy resources, and one of the planet’s key transport arteries. It is therefore unsurprising that the interests of numerous countries — both in the Arctic and beyond — are tied to the region. Security is another major factor. All Arctic nations have some form of military programme, as do other powers interested in expanding to the North. Topics for discussion at this session will include regional approaches taken by Arctic Council nations, opportunities to collaborate on lowering underlying tensions and confrontational rhetoric, and focusing on a positive agenda. Particular attention will be given to cross-border and interregional cooperation in the economic and humanitarian fields.
Арктика будущего: устойчивые решения
9 April 2019 10:00
Future Arctic: Sustainable Solutions
The Arctic is becoming increasingly significant. The region’s environment is altering rapidly, and cli-mate change is already a reality. While this creates challenges, it also provides new opportunities. Se-curity and sustainable development in the Arctic are vital. Arctic nations are particularly responsible for collaborating on enduring solutions. Black carbon emissions are a major contributing factor to warming in the Arctic. Technologies which can effectively reduce emissions already exist, and they not only offer health and environmental benefits, but economic ones too. What steps need to be taken in the Arctic to respond to current challenges? What examples of clean energy exist in the region? What needs to be done to facilitate the transition to cleaner fuel, particularly liquefied natural gas in Arctic shipping?
Большой потенциал малого бизнеса
9 April 2019 12:00
Small Business, Big Potential
Running a small or medium-sized business in the Arctic brings its own challenges, which the government needs to take into consideration when creating (primarily at the regional level) a policy to support them. For a small business in the region to be competitive, the requisite infrastructure needs to be in place, and it needs to be of a high quality. This encompasses support for logistics, roads, an electric grid, utilities, and air/port access for supplies. It also depends on government regulation in areas such as rates for electrical power and hardship allowances. An individual approach is required in single-industry towns in the Arctic, where small and medium business provide a way to solve issues connected to employment and diversifying local economies. How can people living in the region be encouraged to start their own businesses? What can be done to engage the interest of young people, thereby reducing migration? What forms of support should be made available to small and medium business in the Arctic? What should be done to make SMEs in the Arctic more competitive? How can SMEs get involved in infrastructure projects?
Производство и использование СПГ в Арктике
9 April 2019 12:00
Production and Use of LNG in the Arctic
Liquified natural gas is one of the gas industry’s most promising markets. The launch of LNG projects on the Yamal Peninsula is providing Russia with a genuine chance of becoming one of the world leaders in the market. In fact, LNG is expected to make up half of the total amount of freight transported along the Northern Sea Route. In addition, work is under way to develop technologies which will lead to a reduction in capital expenditure and the creation of a technological base for LNG projects in Russia. Which projects in this field are of international significance, and what steps are needed to implement them? What impact are these projects having on the region’s economy? How can LNG production be rolled out in the Russian Arctic? What potential is there for the localization of large-capacity LNG liquefaction technology?
Добыча твердых полезных ископаемых в Арктической зоне: как повысить инвестиционную привлекательность?
9 April 2019 12:00
Extracting Solid Mineral Deposits in the Arctic: Increasing Investment Appeal
The history of the industrial development of the Russian Arctic is not only inextricably linked to the extraction and processing of liquid hydrocarbons, but also solid mineral deposits. Today, with government support, projects to develop new solid mineral deposits are well under way, including for gold, copper, lead, zinc, nickel, silver, platinum, tin, and coal. Additional mechanisms are also being put in place to foster ongoing development in the sector. Given the tough geological and climatic conditions in the region, one of the government’s most important tasks is to draw up an effective regulatory framework to encourage companies to set up operations in the region, boost geological prospecting work, protect the environment, and promote the efficient use of subsoil resources. What measures could the government implement to ensure the profitability of mining projects in the Arctic? What specific steps need to be taken to increase the level to which the Arctic is studied?
Развитие инфраструктуры северных портов
9 April 2019 12:00
Developing Port Infrastructure in the North
In line with increasing volumes of domestic and international freight, plans are in place to increase the capacity of sea ports in the Russian Arctic. This will primarily concern transport of hydrocarbons, coal, ores, and metals. A number of ports in the Arctic offer potential, including Sabetta, Lavna, Vykhodnoy, Kola, Dudinka, Dikson, Indiga, and Kandalaksha, amongst others. However, not all of them have been included in the comprehensive plan to expand and modernize transport infrastructure by 2024. Consensus has yet to be reached in the expert community or government as to which ports could be characterized as key hubs for the development of freight transport along the Northern Sea Route, ensuring safe navigation, and providing supplies to the North. What might be the consequences of increasing trans-shipment volumes in the Arctic basin? How can technological effectiveness and safety be ensured in the functioning of port infrastructure? What support measures for ports in the Arctic need to be introduced today? Might it be possible to apply free port status to key locations, as per Vladivostok?
Национальные проекты в Арктической зоне Российской Федерации: механизмы реализации
9 April 2019 12:00
National Projects in the Russian Arctic: Implementation Mechanisms
The interests of the Arctic are not only reflected in the comprehensive plan to expand and modernize transport infrastructure by 2024. The geo-strategic importance that Russian places on the macroregion has led to it occupying a special place in 12 national projects set out by President Vladimir Putin. These cover demography, healthcare, education, housing and the urban environment, ecology, safe and high-quality roads, workforce productivity and supporting employment, science, the digital economy, culture, small and medium enterprise, and international cooperation and exports. What measures do the national projects set out for regions in the Arctic? How will they affect the region’s economy and quality of life? Are these measures sufficient, or are additional resources required?
Возможности и риски для экономики Мирового океана: обеспечение рационального использования природных богатств
9 April 2019 12:00
Opportunities and Risks for the Ocean Economy: Ensuring Sustainable Use of the World Ocean’s Natural Riches
Throughout history, the seas and oceans have played a vital role in trade between nations and as a provider of resources and ecosystem services, thereby boosting development. As a result of economic growth and a rising population, the world needs more ocean resources and services. There is a strong interlinkage between clean and healthy oceans, sustainable resource use, and economic growth. Sustainable management and use of the world’s oceans are therefore crucial for our future. The World Ocean’s resources offer huge potential as a source of food, energy, and raw materials. However, current trends indicate that the ecosystem of the World Ocean is deteriorating. The ocean, and coastal waters in particular, are suffering due to mankind’s actions, including increasing maritime activity and exploitation of the ocean’s resources. In order to achieve UN Sustainable Development Goal 14 on the conservation and sustainable use of the oceans, seas, and marine resources, coastal states need to work together to manage shared sea areas. All nations have raised their technological safety requirements for activities and projects in order to better manage environmental risks. The desire to preserve the ecosystem has also led to more stringent requirements and protection measures. How should a system ensuring the sustainable use of the ocean and its resources look? What measures should be taken to preserve and replenish natural riches? What role should bilateral and multilateral collaboration between nations and scientific communities play? What success stories could we learn from in this respect?
Транспортная взаимосвязь: Арктика, Дальний Восток, Сибирь, Урал
9 April 2019 16:30
Transport Connectivity: The Arctic, Far East, Siberia, and the Urals
Transport connectivity is of major importance for the development of the transport system in the Arctic. It can help achieve regional integration and provide for the needs of the local population, business, rescue services, research expeditions, and tourism. The development of provincial transport links will make settlements more accessible and facilitate the transportation of industrial goods, including those carried by international freight dispatchers. In order to create a new model for economic growth in Russia and ensure quality of life, it is crucial to build transport links between the Arctic, Siberia, the Urals, and the Far East. How can effective transport links between macroregions be put in place? What other projects in this area are of strategic importance? How can provincial transport links be connected to key routes? Are there any opportunities to optimize intermodal transport in the Arctic?
Цифровизация и связь будущего в арктических условиях
9 April 2019 16:30
Digitization and the Future of Connectivity in the Arctic
An objective has been set for the Russian economy to undergo a digital transformation, which will in part involve building an IT infrastructure. The environmental conditions of the Arctic make it ideal for building data centres capable of processing and storing huge amounts of data needed by government bodies and private companies. In addition, the development of geoinformation services is continuing apace. These will enable regions and business activity to be better managed, and infrastructure facilities to be monitored for changes. They will also provide new opportunities to search for mineral resources. At the same time, the lack of connectivity in some regions of the Arctic is continuing to lead to digital inequality among the population, and is hindering the development of local businesses. What can be done to ensure that the Arctic is not left by the wayside during efforts to completely digitize the economy and state? What initiatives are under way to achieve the primary goal of providing affordable and stable internet connectivity to people in the Arctic? Can the climatic advantages offered by the region be leveraged today to develop new industries? What form will the Arctic’s information and telecommunications infrastructure take in the near future?
Как Россия будет поддерживать частные инвестиции в Арктике: новый подход
9 April 2019 16:30
Russia’s Support for Private Investment in the Arctic: A New Approach
More than 100 investment projects worth more than USD 130 billion have been initiated in the Russian Arctic. Together they encompass natural resource production, forestry and fisheries, developing sea ports, and railway infrastructure. Less than half of these have reached the active implementation stage. Conditions for investing and doing business in the Arctic are tougher, and the risks and costs involved are higher than in the rest of Russia. Access to advanced technology for working in Arctic conditions is limited. However, realizing the investment potential of the Arctic could lead to a breakthrough in Russia’s overall economic development. What needs to be done to unlock the investment potential of the region and win over investors? How will the new incentive system for investment projects in the Arctic look?
Судостроение: достижения и инновации
9 April 2019 16:30
Shipbuilding: Achievements and Innovation
Russia’s civil maritime fleet in the Arctic has grown noticeably in recent years. However, shipbuilding needs to continue in order to increase the amount of freight transported along the Northern Sea Route. The industry also needs to provide vessels for ice escort, navigation technical support, rescue operations, fishing, and cruise travel. Particular attention has been given to constructing a fleet of nuclear-powered icebreakers in order to increase opportunities for commercial navigation in the Russian Arctic. Four LNG-powered icebreakers are planned to be constructed by 2024, enabling year-round commodity shipments to be made from the port of Sabetta. A number of promising advancements are currently under development. These include engines powered on cheaper and more environmentally friendly forms of fuel, materials and constructions, on-board systems, and technology which will help protect vessels from ice and reduce the overall impact of ice. Work is also under way in innovative areas such as autonomous and remote control of large vessels in order to transport hazardous freight and lower transportation costs. How will the arctic maritime fleet look in the near future? What innovations and technologies in shipbuilding could already be introduced? What best international practices could be applied in Russia?