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Archive
The International Arctic Forum 2017
List of sessions
Экологическая деятельность молодежи регионов Севера в интересах устойчивого развития
8 April 2019 10:00
The Involvement of Young People in Environmental Initiatives to Support Sustainable Development in the Arctic
Russia’s Far North is incredibly vulnerable. This is due both to climate change, and the increasing development of the Russian Arctic as a whole. The rapid construction of transport routes, and in particular the Northern Sea Route, brings with it increasing risks. As a result, issues concerning environmentally sustainable development are more pressing than ever. These include instilling a culture of environmental responsibility among the local population and workers based in the Far North.
Освоение Арктики – один из ключевых приоритетов научно-технологического развития России
8 April 2019 10:00
Arctic Development is One of Russia's Key Scientific and Technological Development Priorities
The Arctic has always been one of Russia’s state interests. This region is important both from an economic and a geopolitical perspective. This area is home to a third of the world’s hydrocarbon reserves and the Northern Sea Route is a convenient transport artery for conveying domestic, strategic, and military cargo. Our country’s priority objectives in the Arctic include increasing the use of the region’s agricultural potential, protecting the Arctic’s unique ecological systems, developing the Arctic energy sector, monitoring climate change, and protecting the northern border.
Перспективы и проблемы освоения нефтегазовых месторождений в Арктике
8 April 2019 11:45
Prospects and Issues Related to the Development of Oil and Gas Deposits in the Arctic
As oil and gas resources in traditional production regions start to dwindle, the Arctic will increasingly be viewed as one of the main places to replenish hydrocarbon reserves for the globe. Correspondingly, Arctic nations will display ever-increasing interest in developing the region. Russia possesses enormous potential to replenish its hydrocarbon reserves and resources through developing offshore fields in the Arctic. However, in order to unlock this potential, the government needs to put in place a judicious and carefully considered policy, as well as a programme to encourage extraction companies to invest.
Арктика объединяет молодежь: возможности для самореализации и карьерного роста
8 April 2019 14:00
Bringing Together Young People in the Arctic: Opportunities for Personal Development and Career Growth
The Arctic cannot be developed without projects which involve young people. As the most active segment of society, they hold the key to responding to the challenges of the modern era. In order to provide the Arctic with a young, professional workforce, it is crucial to determine the life strategies of young people in the region and create an environment which will aid their professional and personal development.
Инфраструктурное развитие региона в условиях Крайнего Севера
8 April 2019 15:45
The Development of Infrastructure in the Far North
The government’s transport infrastructure development policy for the Arctic aims in part to provide full road and rail support for ports and the Northern Sea Route. A road and railway network is currently being constructed in the polar regions. The most important projects under way include Belkomur, the Bovanenkovo—Sabetta Railway, the Northern Latitudinal Railway, and the construction of facilities for the Tommot—Yakutsk Railway. In order to ensure economic and food security for remote regions, it is also crucial to provide inland shipping in the Arctic.
Поддержка молодежного предпринимательства арктической зоны
8 April 2019 17:30
Supporting Young Enterprise in the Arctic
The conditions for creating a young enterprise ecosystem in the Arctic are currently insufficient. They fail to fully respond to challenges related to improving the investment climate, developing tech entrepreneurship, introducing and using new technologies (including energy-saving technologies), and providing career growth in the field. A number of steps can be taken to help develop the small and medium business sector in the Arctic: the regulatory framework can be improved, red tape removed, and funding increased. It is essential to create an integrated support system for projects spearheaded by young people in order to secure development in the region.
Разработка социальной модели для присутствия в регионе
8 April 2019 17:30
The Development of a Social Model for People’s Presence in the Region
Given the development of the Northern Sea Route and the needs of international business partners, a highly-qualified workforce is essential, as is the development of a modern educational infrastructure in the Arctic. The development of the Arctic calls for a new social model for the region, one which would provide the opportunity to move away from fly-in fly-out work models, and which does not lead to the kind of negative social impact caused by the development of the North during the Soviet period, which Russia has still not been able to fully overcome. Today, it seems prudent to move to a staffing policy which provides for a sensible and motivationally transparent combination of longer-term residencies and postings.
Здоровье населения – залог успешного освоения и экономического развития Арктики
9 April 2019 10:00
Public Health: The Key to the Successful Opening up and Economic Development of the Arctic
Addressing major challenges in the development of the Arctic zone and the implementation of investment projects to develop the oil and gas complex and the infrastructure of the Northern Sea Route are linked to the involvement of significant human capital, the creation and development of residential areas, and the wellbeing of the environment and safe working conditions. The extreme climatic conditions of the North, such as exposure to cold, hypoxia, chemical pollution of the environment, a lack of essential trace elements, and a high prevalence of parasitic and infectious diseases caused by the warming of the Arctic climate, dictate what kind of nutrition may be provided and which preventive measures carried out in order to help minimize health risks, both for those arriving in the Arctic and the indigenous population. How can the health of those working in open areas of the Arctic be maintained? What are the priority areas of research and development in Arctic medicine? How may the prevention of infectious diseases among temporary residents and the local population of the Arctic be improved? What are the priorities in terms of preventive measures to ensure the sanitary and epidemiological wellbeing of those living in the North?
Северный морской путь – ключ к развитию российской Арктики
9 April 2019 10:00
The Northern Sea Route – The Key to the Development of the Russian Arctic
The Northern Sea Route is the most direct transport corridor linking Asia and Europe. It is also a core Arctic economic project for Russia. Russian President Vladimir Putin has set a goal of increasing freight traffic from 20 million tonnes to 80 million tonnes in five years. Plans to develop the Northern Sea Route and support shipping envisage the creation of a port infrastructure and a fleet which includes icebreakers. These plans must be in sync with other plans to develop Arctic regions, centres of economic growth, and other forms of transport. What’s more, the Northern Sea Route is a major, multifunctional transport and logistics project, which means that modern management methods are needed. Issues regarding navigational and hydrographic support, and ensuring shipping safety along the Northern Sea Route are also of key consideration. Meteorological, hydrological and ice-related services are being developed and implemented, and inroads are being made in a number of other areas. These include promising radio communications setups for rescue operations, pilotless aircraft to conduct monitoring and ice patrol operations, and GIS. What are the prospects for expanding the logistics potential of the Northern Sea Route? How can the development of the Northern Sea Route’s infrastructure be synchronized with new investment projects? How can the Northern Sea Route be integrated with the region’s infrastructure network? How can safe and year-round navigation along the Northern Sea Route be ensured?
Освоение арктического шельфа: потенциал и риски
9 April 2019 10:00
Arctic Shelf Development: The Potential and the Risks
Hydrocarbon prospecting and production is an area of strategic importance for the commercial development of the Arctic, given the huge potential of the basins of the continental shelf. It is an also an area which comes with a high degree of economic risk, but is nevertheless crucial for replenishing the nation’s natural resource base and for the development of the Arctic. The development of offshore fields in the Arctic requires new technology and equipment, as well as geological prospecting work. All this translates to a significant investment of time and money. It therefore depends on close collaboration between extraction companies in Russia and international partners. The situation is complicated by the fact that various companies are in need of essentially unique technological solutions. What barriers are hindering the development of the shelf, and how feasible is it to remove them? What incentives could be put in place for the private sector to become more involved in geological prospecting work on the shelf?
Арктика – арена противостояния или сотрудничества?
9 April 2019 10:00
The Arctic: A Region of Rivalry or Cooperation?
In recent times, the Arctic has invariably been a core topic of discussion. A range of circumstances are behind this increasing focus on the Arctic, from the macroregion’s geopolitical and strategic role (as a space where the interests of nuclear superpowers intersect), to its economic potential (with regards resources and transport routes), to environmental challenges (global warming). In the coming decades, the Arctic could serve as a major repository of energy resources, and one of the planet’s key transport arteries. It is therefore unsurprising that the interests of numerous countries — both in the Arctic and beyond — are tied to the region. Security is another major factor. All Arctic nations have some form of military programme, as do other powers interested in expanding to the North. Topics for discussion at this session will include regional approaches taken by Arctic Council nations, opportunities to collaborate on lowering underlying tensions and confrontational rhetoric, and focusing on a positive agenda. Particular attention will be given to cross-border and interregional cooperation in the economic and humanitarian fields.
Арктика будущего: устойчивые решения
9 April 2019 10:00
Future Arctic: Sustainable Solutions
The Arctic is becoming increasingly significant. The region’s environment is altering rapidly, and cli-mate change is already a reality. While this creates challenges, it also provides new opportunities. Se-curity and sustainable development in the Arctic are vital. Arctic nations are particularly responsible for collaborating on enduring solutions. Black carbon emissions are a major contributing factor to warming in the Arctic. Technologies which can effectively reduce emissions already exist, and they not only offer health and environmental benefits, but economic ones too. What steps need to be taken in the Arctic to respond to current challenges? What examples of clean energy exist in the region? What needs to be done to facilitate the transition to cleaner fuel, particularly liquefied natural gas in Arctic shipping?
Большой потенциал малого бизнеса
9 April 2019 12:00
Small Business, Big Potential
Running a small or medium-sized business in the Arctic brings its own challenges, which the government needs to take into consideration when creating (primarily at the regional level) a policy to support them. For a small business in the region to be competitive, the requisite infrastructure needs to be in place, and it needs to be of a high quality. This encompasses support for logistics, roads, an electric grid, utilities, and air/port access for supplies. It also depends on government regulation in areas such as rates for electrical power and hardship allowances. An individual approach is required in single-industry towns in the Arctic, where small and medium business provide a way to solve issues connected to employment and diversifying local economies. How can people living in the region be encouraged to start their own businesses? What can be done to engage the interest of young people, thereby reducing migration? What forms of support should be made available to small and medium business in the Arctic? What should be done to make SMEs in the Arctic more competitive? How can SMEs get involved in infrastructure projects?
Производство и использование СПГ в Арктике
9 April 2019 12:00
Production and Use of LNG in the Arctic
Liquified natural gas is one of the gas industry’s most promising markets. The launch of LNG projects on the Yamal Peninsula is providing Russia with a genuine chance of becoming one of the world leaders in the market. In fact, LNG is expected to make up half of the total amount of freight transported along the Northern Sea Route. In addition, work is under way to develop technologies which will lead to a reduction in capital expenditure and the creation of a technological base for LNG projects in Russia. Which projects in this field are of international significance, and what steps are needed to implement them? What impact are these projects having on the region’s economy? How can LNG production be rolled out in the Russian Arctic? What potential is there for the localization of large-capacity LNG liquefaction technology?
Добыча твердых полезных ископаемых в Арктической зоне: как повысить инвестиционную привлекательность?
9 April 2019 12:00
Extracting Solid Mineral Deposits in the Arctic: Increasing Investment Appeal
The history of the industrial development of the Russian Arctic is not only inextricably linked to the extraction and processing of liquid hydrocarbons, but also solid mineral deposits. Today, with government support, projects to develop new solid mineral deposits are well under way, including for gold, copper, lead, zinc, nickel, silver, platinum, tin, and coal. Additional mechanisms are also being put in place to foster ongoing development in the sector. Given the tough geological and climatic conditions in the region, one of the government’s most important tasks is to draw up an effective regulatory framework to encourage companies to set up operations in the region, boost geological prospecting work, protect the environment, and promote the efficient use of subsoil resources. What measures could the government implement to ensure the profitability of mining projects in the Arctic? What specific steps need to be taken to increase the level to which the Arctic is studied?