Surveys in Russia indicate that most parents would like their children to grow up to be doctors, businesspeople, or civil servants. However, the fact is that 65% of todays schoolchildren will not end up working in one particular profession. At the very least, they will have to retrain.
Dmitry Sudakov, Head of Project, Atlas of Emerging Jobs
«Unfortunately, the business sector rarely talks about the kinds of people it will require in 510 years time. That is why we need to train school and university students in entrepreneurial thinking. Some institutions already take this proactive line, but not enough of them across the country.»
Automated digital substations have already become a reality, as have deposits where methods of extracting and transporting resources are fully determined by computer programs. The da Vinci Surgical System is used in hundreds of clinics around the world, and the Watson supercomputer employs artificial intelligence to diagnose patients with 40% greater accuracy than its human counterparts. More and more people are doing their banking online, and shops are beginning to become fully automated, doing away with the need for cashiers, sales assistants, and security guards. Headphones are available which can provide instant translations in 40 languages. And none of this was even imaginable a mere 10 years ago.
Scientists predict that two billion jobs will disappear by 2035, taking with them a great number of professions which are familiar to us today. Humanity will bid farewell to low-skilled jobs and work on conveyor lines the modern worker will model their own working day based on their tasks at hand. Augmented reality will become a regular feature of our lives, along with virtual reality workplaces. Whats more, each process will involve a creative element.
Experts involved in the creation of Skolkovo School of Managements Atlas of Emerging Jobs have cited some of the key skills required by the successful job candidate of the future. These include project and process management abilities, creativity, communication skills, and a mindset that prioritizes sustainability and the environment. It will be taken as a given that a candidate will know several foreign languages and be proficient in the latest programming languages. Sectors which will see most new jobs appearing include medicine, transport, and IT.
Igor Sergeev, Chief Researcher at the centre for vocational education and qualification systems, Federal Institute for the Development of Education, RANEPA
«For artificial intelligence specialists, an academic article which came out the previous year is ancient history.»
«An interesting trend emerged as far back as the late 90s, whereby young people do not choose new professions so much as new lifestyles. This has led to them being interested in jobs which fit their vision of a specific lifestyle.»
Universities and other higher education institutions around the world are reacting to these changes in the labour market, and are now offering programmes which can set up graduates for a successful future career. Degrees in subjects related to biotechnology and genetic engineering are currently in demand. And there are plenty of people wanting to become developers of virtual and augmented reality technologies, as well as mobile apps.
Esports management faculties are enjoying particular popularity. These institutions train specialists who advise, manage, and train esports players. In Europe, demand among young people for skills in all areas connected with esports and computer games is high. Not only is it a hobby which can be monetized, the rewards are there too. In Austria and Germany, for instance, annual earnings for a manager in this field are almost 30% higher than the average salary of a young professional. It is a fast-growing market, with serious amounts being invested. A telling example is the International Dota 2 Championships, which has a prize pool of USD 20 million.
Opportunities to learn about the ins and outs of esports also exist in Russia. Students can enrol on a bachelor or master degree programme, retrain at a higher education institution, or take a course offering a management diploma after 67 months of study. A large number of students in Russia alternatively choose to study robotics, mechatronics, conflict resolution, bioengineering, and bioinformatics. And a deeper search reveals some truly exotic-sounding professions to study, such as augmented and virtual reality specialist for print materials.
Of course, many of these so-called professions of the future involve much the same work done by todays lawyers, programmers, and accountants, albeit adapted for a new world. Take the fashionable-sounding job title of bioethicist, for example. According to the Atlas of Emerging Jobs, a bioethicist specializes in legal and ethical matters to do with transplantology and genetic modelling. Essentially therefore its just a lawyer, who in todays world mediates between patients and hospitals. That would hardly sound quite so innovative though, would it?
Irina Svyatitskaya, Head of Youth Policy, HeadHunter (hh.ru)
«Even today, employers often pay more attention to candidates who have successfully completed an online course in IT development, web design, or marketing communications than to those with a degree from a prestigious university.»
In terms of what will be needed in 20 years time, its hard not to place an emphasis on soft skills. And a basic education and strong motivation will always enable an enquiring mind to find a way to learn the skills they need. The people who will enjoy career success in the future will be those who make sure that opportunities to learn are not squandered. They will be those who set clear goals, and persevere in their attempts to achieve them. Much like the successful people of today.
Galina Rezapkina, Expert for the Education National Project
«A survey of the most successful people in the 21st century revealed that they shared the same characteristics, including a love for their work, dedication, industriousness, and a willingness to help others.»