Bridges of the Far East
Bridges of Vladivostok
During his trip to Vladivostok in 1959, Nikita Khrushchev set a task to turn the city into the Soviet San Francisco. These plans partially came to life 53 years later. Vladivostok got itself three new bridges for the APEC Summit: across the Zolotoy Rog Bay, across the Eastern Bosphorus, and across the Amur Bay.
The bridge across the Zolotoy Rog Bay
connected the central part of Vladivostok and Cape Churkin. Before, it took 90 minutes to go around the bay, while now one can drive from the city centre to the Cape in five minutes. Once suburban, Churkin now plays an important role in the citys culture life: it is home to the local opera house, the Primorsky Stage of the Mariinsky Theatre.
At 320 metres, the Russky Bridge is the second tallest bridge in the world
The Russky Bridge across the Eastern Bosphorus
strait connects Vladivostok with Russky Island. Before the bridge came around, you could only go there by ferry. Now it is students and teachers of the Far Eastern Federal University who take the bridge, as well as tourists visiting the Oceanarium.
The Nizkovodny Bridge connects the De Vries Peninsula and the Muravyov-Amursky Peninsula near the Sedanka railway station
The Nizkovodny (Low-Water) Bridge across the Amur Bay
spans from the Sedanka railway station area to De Vries Peninsula. It is a low-water bridge that from a certain angle looks as if the road glides on the sea surface beyond the horizon. The bridge is 4,362 metres long, which makes it the fifth-longest bridge in Russia.
The Khabarovsky Bridge was opened for vehicle traffic in the 1990s following a major reconstruction
The bridge across the Amur River, is among Russias biggest and is also known as the Amur Wonder. It merged the Amur and the Ussuriysk Mainlines and completed the Trans-Siberian Railway, the worlds longest railway line.
The bridge was officially opened on 15 October 1916 and was initially called Alexeevsky in honour of Tsesarevich (crown prince) Alexei. This project colossal for its time won the gold medal award at the 1900 Paris Exposition.
The bridge was blown up during the Civil War and restored five years later by the Soviet Government. The second reconstruction happened in the 1990s the time of Russias economic reforms and financial crisis and took over a decade. Today, its a road-rail bridge, with a double-track lower deck and a double- lane upper one. After reconstruction, its capacity went up 1.5 times (from 95 to153 twinsets a day).
The bridge between Blagoveshchensk and Heihe is scheduled to be put into operation in the spring of 2020
Bridges between China and Russia
The bridges across the Amur River connect Russia and China. They started a new stage in the relations between the two countries and became a symbol of trust and economic development. In the upcoming years, two bridges will be put into operation one in Amur Region and the other on in the Jewish Autonomous Region (JAR).
Halves of the new highway bridge connecting Blagoveshchensk and the Chinese city of Heihe were joined in May. The total length of this trans-border double-lane bridge is over 1 kilometer. The countries built 540 meters each.
The bridge is scheduled to be put into operation in the spring of 2020. Its future capacity is estimated to be up to 3 million people and 6 million tonnes of cargo annually, which equals almost 300 thousand vehicles. At the same time, another trans-border bridge across the Amur River is nearing completion. Its a railway one between Nizhneleninskoye in the Jewish Autonomous Region and Tongjiang in Heilongjiang province. Its halves were joined in late March 2019.
The bridge will become a part of the new export route. Its meant for transporting iron ore, coal, mineral fertilizers, forest products and other goods. The new bridge will make the distance to end users 700 kilometers shorter compared to other railway routes. The bridge will definitely stir up the development of JAR. The Amurles site in the Amur-Khingan advanced special economic zone is braced for the new bridge which is supposed to kick-start it. Export-oriented operations based in JAR will get good logistics an important competitive edge.