A socially oriented non-financial development institution and a major organizer of international conventions; exhibitions; and business, public, sporting, and cultural events. It was established in pursuance of a decision by the President of the Russian Federation.

The Roscongress Foundation is a socially oriented non-financial development institution and a major organizer of international conventions; exhibitions; and business, public, sporting, and cultural events. It was established in pursuance of a decision by the President of the Russian Federation.

The Foundation was established in 2007 with the aim of facilitating the development of Russia’s economic potential, promoting its national interests, and strengthening the country’s image. One of the roles of the Foundation is to comprehensively evaluate, analyse, and cover issues on the Russian and global economic agendas. It also offers administrative services, provides promotional support for business projects and attracting investment, and helps foster social entrepreneurship and charitable initiatives.

Each year, the Foundation’s events draw participants from 208 countries and territories, with more than 15,000 media representatives working on-site at Roscongress’ various venues. The Foundation benefits from analytical and professional expertise provided by 5000 people working in Russia and abroad. In addition, it works in close cooperation with 133 economic partners; industrialists’ and entrepreneurs’ unions; and financial, trade, and business associations from 70 countries worldwide.

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31 December 2020

This day in history

Select a date

30 April

International Jazz Day

1945 — Soviet forces planted the Victory Banner over the Reichstag in Berlin

«Capturing the Reichstag was of paramount historical, military and political importance.»

For more go to: topwar.ru/13963-30-aprelya-1945-goda-znamya-pobedy-nad-reyhstagom.html

1918 — The Petrogradsky Kinokomitet Soyuza Severnykh Kommun (Petrograd Film Committee of the Union of Northern Communes) film studio, subsequently named Lenfilm, was established in Petrograd

«On 30 April 1918, the Petrogradsky Kinokomitet Soyuza Severnykh Kommun was established by the resolution of the People’s Commissar for Education Anatoly Lunacharsky. In Soviet times, the date was considered as the birthday of Lenfilm. The world-known name of the studio, however, was born much later in 1934.»

For more go to: www.lenfilm.ru/news/

1927 — The Hollywood film stars Mary Pickford and her husband Douglas Fairbanks were the first to leave their handprints at the Grauman’s Chinese Theatre in Hollywood. That was the beginning of the famous Walk of Fame

«If you think that an Oscar or a star on the Walk of Fame is the most treasured award in the world of cinema, you are quite wrong. There are nearly 2,300 stars on the walk and the number of Oscar winners has also been in thousands for a while now, but there are prints of only 210 people. Only the most famous stars are honoured that way.»

For more go to: sh27.ucoz.ru/blog/2008-04-30-56

1961 — The Soviet surgeon Leonid Rogozov has removed his own appendix in the Antarctica

«The doctor prepared a detailed surgery plan. Two assistants, his fellow members of the polar expedition, were supposed to hand him the instruments, direct the lamplight and hold the mirror.

‘He thought everything out very carefully and even gave them instructions on what to do if he should lose conscience: how to make an adrenaline injection and mouth-to-mouth resuscitation,’ shared Leonid’s son.»

For more go to: bbc.com/russian/science/

1967 — The Ostankino Tower in Moscow was put in commission

«On 30 April 1967, the Ostankino TV tower was put in technical commission. Nowadays, it holds the 8th place in the world among free-standing structures: its height is 540 metres. For some time the tower built by the Soviet engineer Nikolay Nikitin carried the palm, beating even New York skyscrapers. Ostankino is the heart of dozens of federal TV channels and radio stations.»

For more go to: cont.ws/@max-sim/931124

29 April

International Dance Day

1429 — Joan of Arc leads her army into besieged Orléans during the Hundred Years’ War

«On the evening of 29 April, Joan of Arc and her troops (including the experienced and fearless captains La Hire and de Xaintrailles) triumphantly entered Orléans through the Bourgogne Gate to a rapturous reception from the townspeople. The British didn’t even try to mount an opposition.»

1818 — Emperor Alexander II of Russia is born

«He was one of the kindest and most compassionate of all Russia’s rulers, which is why he was so hated by revolutionaries of all stripes. Thousands of statues of Emperor Alexander II were erected all over Russia. When the Bolsheviks came to power, they destroyed all the monuments, including in the Moscow Kremlin as well as in Kyiv, Minsk, Pskov, Yekaterinburg, Samara, Saratov, Donetsk, Kazan, Rybinsk, and Rostov-on-Don. Curiously, his legacy has been carefully preserved abroad, namely in Helsinki and Sofia.»

1913 — Gideon Sundback patents the zipper

«On 29 April 1913, Swedish immigrant Gideon Sundback patented his invention, the zipper, in the United States. The device is commonly known today by its shortened name, the zip.»

For more go to: https://www.calend.ru/events/5060/

1936 — the recipe for the famous ‘doktorskaya’ sausage is created at the Mikoyan Meat Processing Plant

«The precise date of birth of the Doktorskaya (GOST 23670) sausage is well established. It was on 29 April 1936, by order of the People’s Commissar for Food Anastas Mikoyan, that the mass production of the sausage was launched. The recipe was developed by the All-Russian Meat Research Institute and is characterized by a low-fat content and high protein levels.»

For more go to: https://russian7.ru/post/zachem-v-sssr-sozdali-doktorskuyu-kol/

28 April

Workers’ Memorial Day

Birthday of emergency medical service in Russia

1908 — Oskar Schindler is born

«Oskar Schindler was a German entrepreneur and factory owner, who saved 1,200 Jews, Holocaust victims, during the Second World War by employing them to his plants in Poland and Czechoslovakia. He became the protagonist of Schindler’s Ark book and Schindler’s List movie.»

1914 — air conditioner in patented in the US

«Air conditioner as an invention was first mentioned in 1815, when Frenchman Jean Chabannes patented a method of air flow conditioning and indoor temperature control. Although the idea had a lot of potential, its practical application was still a long a way to go.

1945 — parts of the Red Army started the Battle for the Reichstag

«On 28 April 1945, as part of the Berlin Strategic Offensive Operation, Soviet forces began the assault of the Reichstag. It lasted until 2 May 1945, and was carried out by the 150th and 171th Rifle Divisions of the 79th Rifle Corps of the 3rd Shock Army of the 1st Belorussian Front.»

1968 — The Diamond Arm by Leonid Gaidai is released

«Initially, it was named Smugglers. It turned out that the plot was partially based on actual events. One of the scriptwriters had the idea to make a film after reading a note in Za Rubezhom newspaper about Swiss smugglers who tried to carry valuable items in a plaster cast.»

2016 — first launch from the Vostochny Cosmodrome

«Carrier rocket Soyuz-2.1a Volga orbited three spacecraft: Mikhailo Lomonosov, Aist-2D and SamSat-218. Ice has been broken. The new cosmodrome is equipped with cutting-edge technologies. It is the achievement of Russia and its scientists, engineers, workers and builders.»

27 April

1521 — Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan is killed in the Philippines by native tribes

«Ferdinand Magellan was a medieval explorer, who is also known as the first man to complete a recorded circumnavigation.»

1965 — Pampers diapers are patented in the US

«They were created by Victor Mills, an American chemist, leading product engineer for Procter&Gamble and grandfather to three babies.»

1974 — the train with first Baikal—Amur Mainline builders departs from Moscow Yaroslavsky railway station

«1974 is considered the second birth year of the Bailkal—Amur Mainline: active construction of many line directions began by Komsomol ‘forces’ and USSR railway troops.»

1982 — ‘trust line’, a 24/7 emergency telephone counselling service, is launched in Moscow

«Telephone counselling services in the USSR were initiated by Professor A. Ambrumova. ‘Trust lines’ were created as emergency medical and psychological help services. Before 1985, the Soviet Union had only four of them. In 1989–1991, the Russian Association for Emergency Telephone Psychological Help and the Youth Trust Line Association were established.»

24 April

International Youth Solidarity Day

1833 — carbonated water was patented in the US

«Discovering the secret of carbonated water was as unexpected as most great discoveries usually are. English scientist Joseph Priestley who lived next to a brewery and watched its operation was interested in what kind of bubbles beer effervesces during fermentation. So he put two containers with water above the brewing beer.»

1953 — Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II knights Winston Churchill

«On 24 April 1953, Queen Elizabeth II appointed prime minister of the United Kingdom Winston Churchill a Knight of the Garter, which gave him the right to use the title ‘Sir’.»

23 April

1564 — great English playwright William Shakespeare is born

«William Shakespeare is considered to be a great English writer, England’s national poet and one of the world’s best playwrights. His pieces have been translated to all principal languages and are staged more often than those by other authors. Film studios adapt his works for cinema, and today they are as relevant as in Shakespeare’s epoch.»

1889 — in a letter to his brother, Anton Chekhov writes a phrase that is to become proverbial: «Brevity is the sister of talent»

«Anton Chekhov was a trained doctor and a talented writer, a playwright by vocation. During 26 years of his creative career, he wrote around 900 pieces in various genres. We know that Chekhov had several brothers, but his most active correspondence was with Alexander.»

22 April

International Earth Day

1832 — The Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs established by the decree of Nicholas I

«Starting in 1802, when the Ministry of Foreign Affairs was established, the Collegium of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Empire managed the administrative and personnel matters for the MFA, until it was finally dissolved in 1832 and the structure of MFA was changed (which, incidentally, took place a number of times). By the Edict of His Imperial Majesty dated 10 (22) April 1832 ‘On establishment of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs’, the Collegium of Foreign Affairs was dissolved, having become a part of the Ministry.»

1863 — The first session of the Moscow City Duma took place

«On 22 (10, according to the Julian calendar) April 1863, the city Duma composed of representatives of the five estates began functioning in Moscow. Quite a number of the titled nobles, public activists and rich merchants became members of the Duma. Its leadership, however, fell to the nobility who were in the majority.»

1870 — The Russian revolutionary Vladimir Lenin was born

«Revolutionary, political writer, founder of Marxism-Leninism, Soviet political and state leader on the global scale, founder of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (of Bolsheviks), one of the organisers and leaders of the October Revolution of 1917 in Russia, founder of the first ever socialist state — the USSR and the Third (Communist) International; all of this was encompassed by one person, Vladimir Lenin.»

1929 — Publication of Literaturnaya Gazeta resumed

«The publication of Literaturnaya Gazeta in the 20th century was resumed with active support by Maxim Gorky on 22 April 1929; first, as the publication of the Federation of Soviet Writers Associations and after the 1st All-Union Congress of Soviet Writers, as the publication of the management of the Union of Soviet Writers. As its goal, the Soviet Literaturnaya Gazeta had ‘promoting the principle of free competition among various groups and schools’.»

21 April

753 BCE — Believed to be the date Rome was founded

«Ancient Rome is one of the greatest ancient civilisations named after its capital city Rome. The Etruscan, Latium and ancient Greek cultures had a significant impact on the rise of the Ancient Roman civilisation.»

For more go to: warweapons.ru/21-aprelya-753-do-n-e-schitaetsya-datoy-osnovaniya-rima-romulom-so-vremyon-rimskogo-uchyonogo-marka-te/

1910 — Marfo-Mariinsky Convent opened in Moscow

«Martha and Mary Convent of Mercy is a stavropegial female convent of the Russian Orthodox Church with a special life style going back to the founder of the convent, one of the New Martyrs, Grand Duchess Elizabeth Feodorovna. It is located at Ulitsa Bolshaya Ordynka in Moscow. The convent was founded in 1909.»

For more go to: denvistorii.ru/21-aprelya/v-moskve-otkrylas-marfo-mariinskaia.html

1937 — The opening night of Anna Karenina took place at the Moscow Art Theatre, which was noted by TASS as an event of nationwide significance

«The opening night of the play took place on the stage of the Art Theatre. ‘Anna, smitten by passion and social and family chains,’ that is how its director Vladimir Nemirovich-Danchenko defined the core of the play.»

For more go to: istoriya-teatra.ru/books/item/f00/s00/z0000015/st042.shtml

1944 — Women granted voting rights in France

«Women of France became legitimate participants in elections on 21 April 1944 under the decree of the French Provisional Government. The first elections where women could participate on equal footing with men were the municipal election on 29 April 1945 and Parliament election on 21 October 1945.»

For more go to: timenote.info/ru/events/Zhenschini-vo-Francii-poluchili-izbiratelnoe-pravo

9 April

1699 — Peter I signs the decree ‘On the observation of cleanliness in Moscow and punishment for the disposal of waste or any litter on streets and alleys’

«Peter the Great issued around 4,000 decrees, manifestos and other documents of various kinds over the course of his reign. He also introduced a number of reforms aimed at increasing the quality of life of the population, including by improving urban amenities and cleanliness in cities.»

1938 — Soviet and Russian politician Viktor Chernomyrdin is born

«He held various positions in the Orsk city administration, headed the Orenburg Gas Processing Plant, was Deputy Minister of the Gas Industry of the USSR, and by 1885 was promoted to the leadership of the Ministry. He was elected to the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union as a deputy on numerous occasions.»

1970 — The Beatles disband

«On 9 April 1970 Paul McCartney announced that he would no longer work with The Beatles, signalling the demise of the group. There had been ongoing tensions between the band members for around four years before the breakup, the result of Lennon’s relationship with Yoko Ono, which annoyed the other Beatles, the musicians’ various solo albums, and their stated desire to work in different musical styles.»

2019 — International Arctic Forum opens in St. Petersburg

«The Forum is a key platform for the discussion of pressing issues concerning the socioeconomic development of the Arctic territories and the creation of multilevel, multilateral tools for the joint expansion and effective development of the Arctic region’s significant resource potential.»

8 April

1158 — Prince Andrei the Pious lays the foundation of the Assumption Cathedral in Vladimir

«Andrei founded his capital in the township of Vladimir. It featured a fabulous church of the Assumption of the Virgin with a gilded white-stone top, brought in by water from Bulgaria. He used the church to exhibit the icon he had appropriated from Vyshgorod. From then on, the icon became known as the Vladimirskaya.»

1771 — Catherine the Great orders immediate response to battle bubonic plague outbreak in Moscow

«The plague-inspired uprising finally persuaded the empress that Moscow is in serious trouble. She tasked Grigory Orlov, by then her ex-favorite, with battling the epidemic.

A total newbie to medicine, Orlov was a splendid manager. Measures undertaken have been as harsh as military court’s sentence.»

1820 — Yorgos Kentrotas, a Greek peasant, discovers a statue later known as Venus de Milo

«Venus de Milo, also known as Aphrodite de Milo, is an Ancient Greek statue, perhaps one of the best-known achievements of the entire civilization. Created between 130 and 100 BC, it reaches 203 cm in height and is perfectly proportioned in full accordance with the Golden ratio.»

1966 — Leonid Brezhnev elected General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union

«General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union is the highest-ranking position in the Soviet Communist Party. At the Central Committee Reunion on 14 October 1964, Brezhnev was elected First Secretary of the Committee. In 1966, during the 23rd Communist Party Reunion the Articles of the Communist Party have been amended: the position of General Secretary has been added and Brezhnev has occupied that position. At the same time, Politburo of the Central Committee of the Communist Party replaced the Presidium of the Central Committee of the Communist Party that had been in play since 1952.»

1972 — Leonid Gaidai’s The Diamond Arm premiers on TV

«On Saturday 8 April 1972, at 18:15 Moscow time Leonid Gaidai’s effervescent comedy The Diamond Arm premiered on TV.»

1990 — ABC starts airing Twin Peaks

«It is a story of transformation, how people change and how extraordinary events can bring unforeseen effects... it is a story of Twin Peaks, a small town filled with mystery and secret. It is a small town that is in for some big changes.»

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