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Contribution of Nuclear Technologies in the Development of Africa
23 October 2019
14:30—16:00
KEY CONCLUSIONS
Russia and Africa are connected by a long-term partnership in nuclear energy

Our specialists have been working on the African continent for several decades. In recent years, this work has been given a new boost both in terms of its form and content — Alexey Likhachev, Chief Executive Officer, State Atomic Energy Corporation ROSATOM.

Historically, Russia has been working very closely with the African continent in nuclear technologies. This relationship has existed for more than 55 years — Khethiwe Nkuna, Head of Corporate Citizenship and Inclusion and Diversity Lead, Accenture.

We have fully established the regulatory framework with a third of African countries, all the way up to the contractual framework. Half of them already have and are actively discussing specific joint projects with us, which are stipulated in a contract — Alexey Likhachev, Chief Executive Officer, State Atomic Energy Corporation ROSATOM.

Nuclear technologies are an integral component for effective development

Today, we not only possess nuclear technologies, but are also doing everything we can to increase the role of nuclear technologies in the technological landscape of the future — Alexey Likhachev, Chief Executive Officer, State Atomic Energy Corporation ROSATOM.

Nuclear technologies are a very important tool in the development and drafting of sustainable development goals — Najat Mokhtar, Deputy Director General, Head of the Department of Nuclear Sciences and Applications, International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).

We have a dream: we want to become a highly developed country by 2035 and a country with a high standard of living by 2050. Nuclear energy should be the main driver for achieving the goals facing our country — Claver Gatete, Minister of Infrastructure of the Republic of Rwanda.

There are other aspects of nuclear technologies that have made us pay great attention to them. These include modern technologies, such as artificial intelligence, robotics, and the Internet of things. All this is our future and where we should be heading. These technologies are very important to us, especially in the mining sector — Roland Msiska, Head, Zambia Atomic Energy Agency.

Demand for nuclear energy is steadily increasing

We are seeing a steady increase in demand for nuclear energy because we have industrialization and urbanization, the population is growing, and the government is striving to improve the quality of life of the Egyptian people. These have all become important factors in the development of our nuclear programme — Amged El-Wakeel, Chairman of the Board, Nuclear Power Plants Authority of the Arab Republic of Egypt.

Egypt recognizes the importance of nuclear energy as an important component in the energy balance — Amged El-Wakeel, Chairman of the Board, Nuclear Power Plants Authority of the Arab Republic of Egypt.

ISSUES
Food shortage

If you look just at our losses in agriculture, it’s around 30% every year. Nuclear technology will fix this — Roland Msiska, Head, Zambia Atomic Energy Agency.

One fifth of Africans have food shortages today, and technology can help in this. We need to use new technologies that can lead to the greater productivity of certain food crops — Najat Mokhtar, Deputy Director General, Head of the Department of Nuclear Sciences and Applications, International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).

We must ensure our food security. Accordingly, we need food products that we can eat on our own and export them in accordance with international standards. I don’t know how we could avoid the use of nuclear energy in this process — Claver Gatete, Minister of Infrastructure of the Republic of Rwanda.

Energy shortage in Africa

We believe that demand for nuclear technologies is most acute on the African continent in particular […]. The challenges that we usually work with and respond to are the most acute in African countries and require immediate solutions. The continent, which is among the richest in terms of mineral reserves, has an energy shortage today, and in some countries this deficit is catastrophic — Alexey Likhachev, Chief Executive Officer, State Atomic Energy Corporation ROSATOM.

Lack of necessary funding

Nuclear energy is reliable, clean, and safe. The only obstacle to the expansion of nuclear energy in Africa is the lack of adequate funding — Amged El-Wakeel, Chairman of the Board, Nuclear Power Plants Authority of the Arab Republic of Egypt.

SOLUTIONS
Development of a strategic partnership

We have a lack of nuclear energy. We are very happy that today our government signed an agreement with Rosatom. We have concluded an intergovernmental agreement on cooperation in nuclear technologies. The main reason that we have signed this agreement is that we will install an experimental reactor, and this will require certain personnel and support — Getahun Mekuria Kuma, Minister of Innovation and Technology of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia.

We realized that it is essential to find a strategic partner who can help us get through the necessary processes. That is why we reached out to Rosatom — Roland Msiska, Head, Zambia Atomic Energy Agency.

Establishing an environment of mutual trust and responsibility

There will never be any development in international relations or in the economy if there is no meaningful desire to offer one’s own direction for development or if the receiving party has no desire to implement this in concert and in the format of political trust in one another. In this case, these two signals coincide — Alexey Likhachev, Chief Executive Officer, State Atomic Energy Corporation ROSATOM.

The material was prepared by the Russian news agency TASS